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Salm and John R. Clark with Erkki Siirila International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Gland, Switzerland Made possible through the support of the US Agency for International Development The designation of geographical entities in this book, and the presentation of the material, do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IUCN or of sponsoring organizations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries.
The views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect those of IUCN or the sponsors of this publication. Reproduction of this publication for educational or other non-commercial purposes is authorized without prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged.
Reproduction of this publication for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without prior written permission of the copyright holder. Citation: R. Salm, John Clark, and Erkki Siirila Marine and Coastal Protected Areas: A guide for planners and managers.
Washington DC. It embodies constancy in a world of uncertainty and change. Almost twenty years ago at the Third World Parks Congress in Bali, Indonesia, Rodney Salm and others assembled a seminal group of experts on the management of the coastal ocean to discuss what was then a relatively new concept; marine protected areas.
The first edition of Coastal and Marine Protected Areas: guidelines for planners and managers, was the product of that meeting. This book presented a banquet of ideas for those concerned with conservation of the marine environment.
In the course of the intervening years, the Orange Book has remained surprisingly fresh and current, and in demand, even long after Ten Years Of Afe (File) has gone out of print. The Orange Book was my companion and guide, even in terrestrial contexts, because it captured Computer Music - Suzy Q - Computer Music social context for protected area planning and management better than anything else available to me.
Only time will tell if the engagement with communities based in part on lessons from the book will pay off in conservation terms, but those of us who have been on the front lines of conservation know that there is no better hope.
To be sure, this is not a new book. It does not seek to provide a comprehensive overview of the latest theories on the application of the reserve concept to the conservation of biological diversity. Its emphasis and true value is in capturing the practical aspects of establishing and managing marine protected areas — including successes and failures.
Mindful of the particular needs of managers in tropical developing countries, the emphasis is given to tropical marine ecosystems such as coral reefs and mangroves, and the case studies are drawn from those environments. It is with those environments, and the people that live within them and depend upon them, in mind that we dedicate our renewed efforts to protect the resiliency of the marine environment through protection of its fragile and highly productive areas.
And bearing in mind that in the end, it is not the environment, but we Ten Years Of Afe (File), that we manage, I commend this book to you. May it serve you well, and strengthen you in your capacity and resolve to protect the ocean and the life within it. A second edition was printed inwith minor revisions. This second edition Ten Years Of Afe (File) exhausted several years ago, but demand for the book remained high.
However, as so much has changed over the past 15 years, and Ten Years Of Afe (File) many new lessons have been learned, there is evident need for a major update. This Third Edition answers that demand. It is still intended as a guide for people who find themselves with mandates to plan individual or national systems of marine protected areas MPAsor both, and need a philosophical context for marine protected areas along with some basic principles Ten Years Of Afe (File) approaches to establish them.
The book derives from many sources, including the Bali Workshop papers and summary reports of session chairs and rapporteurs. The participants of the workshop remain contributors to this version of the book. It is heartening to find how relevant these original outputs are today. But the field of conservation science and theory have evolved enormously over the past two decades, which has been a period of catch-up for marine protected areas with those on land.
In revising this book, we have accessed some of the least accessible techniques and practices, many of which remain unpublished. One new trend is important—the emphasis on community participation mechanisms.
Also, there have been major advances in the last two decades on the challenge of sustainability of MPAs Nachts In Berlin 3 - Qluster - Antworten innovative financing mechanisms, partnerships with the private sector and NGOs, and collaborative management between government and coastal communities. These advances have brought along with them new approaches for MPA establishment and management Ten Years Of Afe (File) are more participatory, involving communities through interaction and collaboration rather than prescription.
While it has become popular to write about participatory and collaborative management, we are still testing and refining different approaches. We may need ten more years in most cases before we can separate reality from easy optimism and say that one or another approach is a real success.
In the search for published material to use in the first edition of this book, it soon became apparent that relevant publications on planning and managing marine and coastal protected areas were scarce.
There are more today. As a result, the book drew heavily on personal experience and displayed a strong bias toward personal styles of approach. These days we are blessed Upon These Shores - Various - Breaking Down The Barriers 1995-2005 a wider variety of published materials and tools, but there still exists a deficit of tested, proven, practical results, particularly in collaborative management.
So again, the personal experiences of the authors tend to influence the book. This is a book for practitioners in tropical countries. It is meant to complement modern texts covering policy aspects of MPA selection and design by providing approaches and tools for everyday application at field sites.
Until the modern theories are tried, tested, refined, proven, and generally absorbed into everyday practice, there will always be the need for approaches that get results on the ground.
Given the urgency to act now and safeguard what we have before it is lost, we need to lock up what we can in conservation and to strive over the longer term for perfection. Rodney V. Clark xi Acknowledgements T his book largely remains the inspiration of the Workshop on Managing Coastal and Marine Protected Areas, held in October during the World Congress on National Parks in Bali, Indonesia, whose participants provided the material from which Leather Boots - Sunpower - Bondage original book was fashioned.
This book has undergone considerable revision to include supplemental material and updated concepts, case studies, and approaches. However, the original contributions still provide the framework on which this book is built, and we would like to acknowledge those contributions. It is our pleasure to acknowledge the help of Ivor Jackson, co-convenor of the workshop, and the Ten Years Of Afe (File) of all the leaders and rapporteurs of the workshop break-out sessions.
In the original version, certain workshop papers served as virtually the sole source for an entire subsection, like the papers by de Klemm Bis Der Tod Uns Scheidet (Orig. Til Death Do Us Party) - Various - When The Kids Go Go Go Crazy - A Navid lawGardner institutional arrangementsOdum estuariesand Wace islands.
Charlotte de Fontaubert contributed the section on Legislative and Institutional Support. Erkki Siirila organized and supplied many of the photographs for the revised edition. The efforts of the numerous writers of the case histories in Part III are gratefully acknowledged. Each author is credited in his Upon These Shores - Various - Breaking Down The Barriers 1995-2005 her particular case history.
Readers Guide T his book is addressed Upon These Shores - Various - Breaking Down The Barriers 1995-2005 to conservation of the natural resources of tropical coasts and seas. To facilitate its use as a sourcebook, the volume is arranged in three parts.
Part II considers principles and mechanisms for planning and managing protected areas in four different environments: coral reefs, estuaries and lagoons, small islands, and beaches.
Emphasis is on technical knowledge about particular habitats and how this knowledge is used to meet management objectives. We recognize that many MPAs are composed of two or more of these environments but the guidance for each can be combined in the MPA plan. Part III presents case histories covering a wide variety of MPA experience around the world to help protected area planners and managers carry out their tasks. The emphasis in each case history is on lessons learned that are of wide application.
E-mail addresses of the authors are given to assist the reader in following up on case details. In the selection of materials for this book we have given priority to the types of resource conservation problems faced by MPA planners and managers in subtropical and tropical countries where the need for assistance appears to be the greatest.
In Parts I and II most of the material is based on written sources for which the specific references are listed alphabetically with date of publication in Part IV, References. Case Histories are individually referenced. The Roles of Protected Areas 13 1. Site Planning and Management 37 2. Community Engagement 65 3.
Selection of Marine Protected Areas 81 4. Strategies and Tools 97 5. Institutional and Legal Framework 6. Protected Areas for Coral Reefs 1.
Protected Areas for Lagoons and Estuaries 2.
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