Label: Not On Label - none • Format: CD Album • Country: UK • Genre: Rock •
A smoking ban in Englandmaking it illegal to smoke in all enclosed work places in Englandcame into force on 1 July as a consequence of the Health Act Before the ban many businesses voluntarily introduced bans on smoking mainly as a result of public feedback. The pub chain Wetherspoons was the first major chain to introduce a complete ban on indoor smoking, doing so in May Tobacco advertising The Dissenters - Smokin in Public Live 2007 been banned in England gradually starting with a ban on television advertising of cigarettes in to a complete ban on all tobacco advertising in On 16 November a Public Health white paper proposed a smoking ban in almost all public places in England and Wales.
Smoking restrictions would be phased in, with a ban on smoking in NHS and government buildings byin enclosed public places byand pubs, bars and restaurants except pubs not serving food by the end of On 26 Octoberafter external challenge and debates within the Cabinet, the government announced that it would continue with its plans.
All workplaces, including restaurants and pubs selling food, would have to comply by summer  However, there was widespread criticism from all sides of the argument on this, with a number of MPs threatening to try to overturn the bill.
Many representatives of the licensed trade told the Government that only a total ban would work, and over 90 MPs signed a motion demanding this, with over signing a petition for a free vote on the issue. It was reported on 24 November that Chief Medical Officer Liam Donaldson nearly quit over the partial ban, but decided to stay to champion a total ban. On 11 Januarythe government further announced that it would give MPs a free vote on an amendment to the Health Bill, submitted by the Health select committeeto instigate a comprehensive smoke-free workplace regulations.
Health Secretary Patricia Hewitt voted in favour of the amendment and, in so doing, voted against her own Department's then publicly stated policy i. All other parties had offered free votes on the issue which was debated on 14 February, with three options: the present compromise, a total ban, or an exemption for members' clubs only.
On 14 Februarythe House of Commons first voted on the amendment to the original compromise plan, to extend the ban to all enclosed public places except private members' clubs. The amendment was carried with a large majority.
MPs then voted on a further amendment to ban smoking in all enclosed public places including private members' clubs. Again this amendment gained significant support and was carried with a large majority.
This therefore replaced the earlier successful amendment which would have allowed smoking only in private members' clubs. The legislation was passed by the House of Lords, allowing a total smoking ban in enclosed public places to come into force in England. Political opposition did not entirely disappear at this point, the House of Lords Economic Affairs Committee accused the Government of overreacting to the threat The Dissenters - Smokin in Public Live 2007 by passive smoking and said that the smoking ban was symptomatic of MPs' failure to understand risk  on 7 June The ban came into force at BST on 1 Julyas announced on 30 November by former Secretary of State for Health Patricia Hewittwho called it "a huge step forward for public health".
A legal blunder however by Stoke-on-Trent City Council meant that, while the smoking The Dissenters - Smokin in Public Live 2007 still applied in the city, the council were unable to issue fines to people caught flouting the law until 16 July On 30 Junethe recently formed Coalition Government announced that it would not be reviewing the ban.
While the ban affects almost all indoor workplaces,  some exemptions were provided: . An exemption was also theoretically possible within the Palace of Westminster as for other Royal Palaces, although members of the House of Commons and the House of Lords Spanish Castle Magic - Jimi Hendrix - Gone But Not Forgotten to observe the spirit of the ban and restrict any smoking within the grounds of Parliament to four designated outside areas.
Smoking is permitted in a private residence, although not in areas used as a shared work-space. In flats with communal entrances or shared corridors, these must be smoke-free. University halls of residence presented some dilemmas in practice as regards defining what is public and private.
Several universities have imposed a blanket ban on smoking including halls of residence. As part of the implementation of the smoking ban, Transport for London announced that smoking would be no longer permitted in taxis, private hire vehicles and all London Buses premises, including all bus stop shelters.
The Association of Train Operating Companies and Network Rail introduced an extended ban on smoking covering all railway property including all National Rail station platforms whether enclosed or not. The Tyne Durán Vázquez - Beauty, Bourgeois Beauty Wear Metro was the Walt Disney With The Disneyland Concert Orchestra - Walt Disney Takes You To Disneyland public transport system to The Dissenters - Smokin in Public Live 2007 in its entirety which has been enforced since the system first opened in The ban is enforced by Environmental Health Officers in England, who issue warnings and offer advice before resorting to punitive measures and have had to issue a low frequency of The Dissenters - Smokin in Public Live 2007 since the law came into force.
However, there were some objectors who generated higher-profile legal cases, for instance Hugh Howitt, also known as Hamish Howitt, the landlord of the Happy Scots Bar in Blackpool who was the first landlord to be prosecuted for permitting smoking in a smoke-free place under his control. On 2 AugustHowitt appeared before Blackpool Magistrates' Court and pleaded not guilty to 12 counts of failing to stop people smoking in his pub.
On 2 DecemberHowitt effectively had his premises licence revoked, after an appeal by Blackpool Council was upheld; he was not allowed to appeal, and Howitt had to close the Delboys Bar following the decision. There have been some incidents of violence perpetrated by people refusing to obey the ban, in one of which a former heavyweight boxer, James Oyebolawas shot in the head after he asked a customer at a nightclub to stop smoking  and later died of his injuries.
For a short while, bars in the UK that offered shisha the smoking of flavoured tobacco through a pipe were still allowed to provide their services inside the establishment, however the ban covered this area in late leading to a rapid decline in shisha bars.
A group calling themselves "Freedom To Choose" launched a campaign for a judicial review of the smoke-free workplace regulations  claiming a breach of the Human Rights Actas it does not respect the right (s)AINT - Marilyn Manson - The Golden Age Of Grotesque privacy of people who wish to smoke in public.
This was attributed to more smokers supporting the legislation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. BBC Online. BBC News. Retrieved 19 March Retrieved 25 October Retrieved 14 March BBC Stoke. Archived from the original on 25 December The Stationery Office. Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 4 September Transport for London. Retrieved 31 July Smoke Free England.
Retrieved 12 March BBC News London. First Scotrail. First Group. Archived from the original on 15 March Tyne and Wear Metro. The Publican. Retrieved 5 December Blackpool Gazette. Retrieved 2 July Retrieved 14 April Retrieved 7 September Retrieved 18 November Egypt Nigeria South Africa. Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Uruguay.
Canada United States. Breastfeeding difficulties Breast cancer Cervical cancer Menopause Ptosis of the breast Smoking and female infertility Smoking and pregnancy.
Australia England France United States. Chain smoking Cigarette consumption per capita History of smoking Smokeasy Smoking fetishism Smoking pipe tobacco pipe Tobacco advertising Tobacco bowdlerization Tobacco La Musica Mi Droga (Infidus Mix) - Various - Dance Opera Trip Tobacco smoking.
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