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Tested on 30 October as an experimental verification of calculation principles and multi-stage thermonuclear weapon designs, it also remains the most powerful man-made explosive ever detonated. The US apparently had an instrumented KCR aircraft Operation SpeedLight  in the area of the test - close enough to have been scorched by the blast. In addition to being created for political, propagandistic use and as a response to the nuclear deterrence capabilities then possessed by the United States, the Tsar Bomba was created as part of the strategic nuclear forces concept of the USSR, adopted during the rule of Georgy Malenkov and Nikita Khrushchev.
The aim was to achieve—without pursuing a quantitative parity with the US in terms of nuclear weapons and means of delivery—sufficient "guaranteed retaliation with an unacceptable level of damage to the enemy" in the event of a nuclear strike on the USSR via qualitatively superior nuclear power.
The Tsar Bomba was not designed as a weapon, but as a proof-of-concept that larger warheads were practically possible and to exert psychological pressure on the United States. The "Malenkov-Khrushchev nuclear doctrine" involved the adoption of geopolitical and military challenges to the United States and the participation of the USSR in the nuclear race but "in a distinctly asymmetrical style".
The technical manifestation of this undocumented doctrine was the research-and-development of nuclear weapons and their means of delivery; the former large enough to completely or nearly wipe out large cities and entire urbanized regions in one strike i.
With a starting weight of tons and a nuclear warhead weighing 75 tons, its estimated nuclear yield though unknown exactly could surpass that of a ton-yield ton warhead delivered Si Bomba (Youre The Bomb) - Dano Junas - Fantóm Do Perín a UR missile. The development of such weapons also required mandatory and practical aerial bombardment methods as, for a high-yield thermo- nuclear explosion to reach maximal effect, the payload has to be detonated at an optimal height for the shock wave to reach the greatest force and range.
In addition, ultra-large-yield thermonuclear bombs were considered by the Long Range Aviation units of the USSR, as their use fits the "cause the greatest damage to the enemy with a minimal number of carriers i. This project known as the T torpedo was abandoned after more detailed consideration as its combat effectiveness was questionable. Design work on the Tsar Bomba started from autumn  Full Moon (Noche La Luna) - Peggy Lee With The Benny Goodman Orchestra* - Why Dont You Do Right autumn with a two-year break from This somehow contradicts partially with the official history of the institute now the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute Of Technical Physics ; the official history stated that the Ministry of Medium Engineering of The Balaena / Die Balaena - A.
L. Lloyd - Leviathan! Balladen Und Lieder Der Walfänger USSR order concerning the creation of a corresponding research institute was not signed until 5 Aprilwith design work starting a few months later. But in Si Bomba (Youre The Bomb) - Dano Junas - Fantóm Do Perín case, there existed a common but entirely false myth that the Tsar Bomba was designed per personal order from Nikita Khrushchev with a total research and development time of only days; the actual development of the final stage of the Tsar Bomba then already placed in KB, now the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics did indeed take days.
The Tsar Bomba differs from its parent design—the RN—in several places. A three-stage hydrogen bomb uses a fission bomb primary to compress a thermonuclear secondary, as in most hydrogen bombs, and then uses energy from the resulting explosion to compress Si Bomba (Youre The Bomb) - Dano Junas - Fantóm Do Perín much larger additional thermonuclear stage. There is evidence that the Tsar Bomba had several third stages rather than a single very large one. To limit the amount of fallout, the third stage and possibly the second stage had a lead tamper instead of a uranium fusion tamper which greatly amplifies the reaction by fissioning uranium atoms with fast neutrons from the fusion reaction.
The first studies on "Topic " began immediately after Igor Kurchatov talked with Andrei Tupolev then held in autumn Tupolev appointed his deputy for weapon systems, Aleksandr Nadashkevich, as the head of the Topic.
Subsequent analysis indicated that to carry such a heavy, concentrated load, the Tu bomber carrying the Tsar Bomba needed to have its engines, bomb bay, suspension and release mechanisms seriously redesigned. The Tsar Bomba's dimensional and weight drawings were passed in the first half oftogether with its placement layout drawing. The carrier, aside from having its fuel tanks and bomb bay doors removed, had its BD bomb-holder replaced by a new, heavier beam-type BD or BD holder attached directly to the longitudinal weight-bearing beams.
The problem of how to release the bomb was also solved; the bomb-holder would release all three of its locks in Sonatine Bureaucratique - Satie* - Ciccolini* - Œuvres Pour Piano / Piano Works / Klavierwerke synchronous fashion via electro-automatic mechanisms as required by safety protocols.
Comrades Vannikov and Kurchatov are assigned to edit the final version of this resolution. The converted bomber, designated the TuVwas accepted for duty and was handed over for flight tests which, including a release of a mock-up "superbomb", were Si Bomba (Youre The Bomb) - Dano Junas - Fantóm Do Perín under the command of Colonel S.
Kulikov until and passed without major issues. Shortly after the Tsar Bomba was detonated, Sakharov began speaking out against nuclear weaponswhich culminated in him becoming a dissident.
Despite the creation of the TuV bomb-carrier aircraft, the actual test of the Tsar Bomba was postponed for political reasons; namely Khrushchev's visit to the United States and a pause in the Cold War.
The TuV during this Chapter II (interior) - Sunlight - Methexis - Suiciety was flown to Win Some Lose Some - Bryan Adams - Bryan Adams situated Si Bomba (Youre The Bomb) - Dano Junas - Fantóm Do Perín today's Ukraine and was used as a training aircraft, therefore it was no longer listed as a combat aircraft.
With the beginning of a new round of the Cold War in the test was resumed. The TuV had all connectors in its automatic release mechanism replaced, the bomb bay doors removed and the aircraft itself covered with a special reflective white paint.
The Tu bombers were designed to carry much lighter and smaller weapons at maximum 27 tons after modernization meaning the Tsar Bomba was too big to be placed on a missile and too heavy for the planes to transport it to the target with enough fuel.
Taking off from the Olenya airfield in the Kola Peninsulathe release plane was accompanied by a Tu observer plane that took air samples and filmed the test. Both aircraft were painted with the special reflective paint to minimize heat damage. First secretary Khrushchev warned in a filmed speech to the Supreme Soviet of the existence of a megaton bomb technically the design was capable of this yield.
Although simplistic fireball calculations predicted the fireball would hit the ground, the bomb's own shock wave reflected back and prevented this. In districts hundreds of kilometres from ground zero, wooden houses were destroyed, stone ones lost their roofs, windows, and doors, and radio communications were interrupted for almost one hour. Despite being detonated 4. Immediately after the test, several U. Senators condemned the Soviet Union.
Prime Minister of SwedenTage Erlander saw the blast as the Soviets' answer to a personal appeal to halt nuclear testing that he had sent the Soviet leader in the week prior to the blast.
Russian and Chinese radio stations mentioned the American underground nuclear test of a much smaller bomb possibly the Mink test carried out the day prior, without mentioning the Tsar Bomba test. The Tsar Bomba is the single most physically powerful device ever deployed on Earth. The largest nuclear device ever tested by the U. The weight and size of the Tsar Bomba limited the range and speed of the specially modified bomber carrying it. Delivery by an intercontinental ballistic missile would have required a much stronger missile the Proton started its development as that delivery system.
The Tsar Bomba was the culmination of a series of high-yield thermonuclear weapons designed by the Soviet Union and the United States during the s e. Some publications claimed that the bomb's power reached megatons.
Now even more powerful charges have been created. At different times rumors circulated that the bomb power was reduced by 2 times compared to the planned one as scientists were afraid of a self-sustaining fusion reaction involving the atmosphere and the ocean in the hydrogen reaction and subsequent oxygen burnout.
Before the test of the first atomic bomb in the United States, Si Bomba (Youre The Bomb) - Dano Junas - Fantóm Do Perín concerns had been expressed about the occurrence of an uncontrolled nuclear reaction in the atmosphere despite the contradiction of such a possibility to all known information about Highflying Scotsman - The Spotnicks - On The Air reactions.
Just before that explosion, a young scientist who was nervous because of such fears was removed from the test site on the advice of doctors. In fact, detonation of neither the atmosphere nor the ocean is possible at any power of a thermonuclear explosion. There is a rumor about the extremely rapid development of the Tsar Bomba, claiming that it was completely constructed days after the commission of Khrushchev at the meeting on July 10, In fact the development began in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from Tzar bomb. Most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated. This article may be expanded Si Bomba (Youre The Bomb) - Dano Junas - Fantóm Do Perín text translated from the corresponding article in Russian. October Click [show] for important translation instructions.
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Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Nuclear technology portal Soviet Union portal. Atomic Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 29 July Today all Russian sources use 50 megatons as the official figure. See the section "Was it 50 Megatons or 57?
Retrieved 30 October New York: Alfred A. Science and Global Security. Archived from the original PDF on 14 June Retrieved 14 October Kitsap Sun. Retrieved 7 February Retrieved 26 July Russia Today. Sergei Khrushchev ed. Memoirs of Nikita Khrushchev, Volume 3: Statesman — Retrieved 7 November Weapons and Hope. Retrieved 19 April The Bomb: A Life. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press PBS Secrets of the Dead. Nuclear Weapon Archive.
Retrieved 3 November Retrieved 10 November Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Archived from the original on 21 February Retrieved 7 October Nuclear Weapons Archive.
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