Erroll Louis Garner June 15, — January 2, ; some sources say b. His best-known composition, the ballad " Misty ", has become a jazz standard. Scott Yanow of Allmusic calls him "one of the most distinctive of all pianists" and a "brilliant virtuoso. Garner was born with his twin brother Ernest in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on June 15,the youngest of six children  in an African-American family.
Garner began playing piano at the age of three. His elder siblings were taught piano by Miss Bowman. From an early age, Erroll would sit down and play anything she had demonstrated, just like Miss Bowman, his eldest sister Martha said.
By age 11, he was playing on the Allegheny riverboats. At 14 inhe joined local saxophonist Leroy Brown. He played locally in the shadow of his older pianist brother Linton Garner. Garner moved to New York City in Although his admission to the Pittsburgh music union was initially refused because of his inability to read music, it relented in and made him an honorary member. After attending a concert by the Russian classical pianist Emil GilelsGarner returned to his apartment and was able to play a large portion of the performed music by recall.
Garner made many tours both at home and abroad, and regularly recorded. He was, reportedly, The Tonight Show host Johnny Carson 's favorite jazz musician, appearing on Carson's show many times over the years.
Garner was managed by Martha Glaser from until his death in for some of this time as her only client. Garner died of cardiac arrest related to emphysema on January 2, He helped to bridge the gap for jazz musicians between nightclubs and the concert hall.
Called "one of the most distinctive of all pianists" by jazz writer Scott YanowGarner showed that a "creative jazz musician can be very popular without watering down his music" Cheek To Cheek - Erroll Garner - Erroll Garner Plays For Dancing changing his personal style. Garner may have been inspired by the example of Earl Hinesa fellow Pittsburgh resident but 18 years his senior, and there were resemblances in their elastic approach to timing and use of right-hand octaves.
Garner's early recordings also display the influence of the stride piano style of James P. Johnson and Fats Waller. He developed a signature style that involved his right hand playing behind the beat while his left strummed a steady rhythm and punctuation, creating insouciance and tension. The independence of his hands also was evidenced by his masterful use of three-against-four and more complicated cross-rhythms between the hands.
Garner would also improvise whimsical introductions—often in stark contrast to the rest of the tune—that left listeners in suspense as to what the piece would be. His melodic improvisations generally stayed close to the theme while employing novel chord voicings.
Pianist Ross Tompkins described Garner's distinctiveness as due to ' happiness '. Garner's first recordings were made in late at the apartment of Timme Rosenkrantz ; these were subsequently issued as the five-volume Overture to Dawn series on Blue Note Records.
His recording career advanced in the late s when several sides such as " Fine and Dandy ", " Skylark " and " Summertime " were cut. His live album Concert by the Sea was a best-selling jazz album in its day and features Eddie Calhoun on bass and Denzil Best on drums. This recording of a performance at the Sunset Centera former school in Carmel-by-the-Sea, Californiawas made using relatively primitive sound equipment, but for George Avakian the decision to release the recording was easy.
In Garner composed "Misty", first recording it in for the album Contrasts. Lyrics were later added by Johnny Burke. Often the trio was expanded to add Latin percussion, usually a conga. Because Garner could not write down Cheek To Cheek - Erroll Garner - Erroll Garner Plays For Dancing musical ideas, he used to record them on tape, to be later transcribed by others. The guests of honour were Eddie Calhoun bassist and Kelly Martin drummerErroll's rhythm section from the mid s to the mid s.
On June 15, many of the UK's keenest Garnerphiles converged in Cheltenham for an afternoon of music, food and fun on what would have been Erroll's 75th birthday. That evening they were saddened to hear of the death of another jazz legend: Ella Fitzgerald. Footage of the piano prodigy playing and speaking was intercut with interviews: with admirers including Woody AllenSteve Allen and his fellow musicians Ahmad Jamalalso from Pittsburgh and Ernest McCarty, his bassist for many years ; with family members, including his big sister Ruth Garner Moore and daughter Kim Garner; with George Avakianthe producer of Concert by the Sea ; and with Jim Doran his biographer.
The film attempts to address Garner's fall from prominence after his death, reminding viewers how popular and original he was in his day as well as why he is considered in many quarters a legend, one of the true greats of Skin Parade - Guided By Voices - Universal Truths And Cycles. On June 15,the estate of Martha GlaserGarner's longtime manager, announced the formation of the Erroll Garner Jazz Project, a major new archival and musical celebration of Garner.
The project includes the donation of the Erroll Garner Archive —a huge trove of newly discovered historical material from Garner's Yesterday Once More - Carpenters - Now & Then the University of Pittsburgh. Dizzee Rascal - Boy In Da Corner September 18,Lucid Dreaming - Brock Berrigan - Chapter 10 (File, Album) by the Sea was re-released by Sony Legacy in an expanded, three-CD edition that adds 11 previously unreleased tracks.
On July 13,a live concert recording of Garner playing in at the Concertgebouw in the Netherlands was released by Mack Avenue Records with the title Nightconcert. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Erroll Garner. Archived from the original on October 28, Retrieved April 30, Wilson January 3, The New Cheek To Cheek - Erroll Garner - Erroll Garner Plays For Dancing Times. Retrieved August 2, November 8, University of Pittsburgh News. January 26, Retrieved July 24, Retrieved November 21, The Dead Rock Stars Club.
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