The orchestra's first broadcast was on November 13, and it continued until disbanded in A new ensemble, independent of the network, called the "'Symphony of the Air'" followed. Sarnoff devoted considerable effort and resources to create an orchestra Lorelei - Styx - Greatest Hits the first rank for Toscanini and NBC.
It offered the highest salaries of any orchestra at the time and a week contract. In O Holy Night - Carola - Christmas In Bethlehem Album) creating prestige for the network, there has been speculation that one of the reasons NBC created the orchestra was to deflect a Congressional inquiry into broadcasting standards. The orchestra's first broadcast concert aired on November 13, under the direction of Monteux.
Toscanini Album) ten concerts that first season, making his NBC debut on December 25, Televised concerts began in March and continued until March During the summer ofNBC converted Studio 8-H into a television studio the broadcast home of NBC's late-night comedy program Saturday Night Live since and moved the broadcast concerts to Carnegie Hallwhere many of the orchestra's recording sessions and special concerts had already taken place.
Leopold Stokowski served as principal conductor from on a three-year contract following a dispute between Toscanini and NBC. During this time Toscanini continued to lead the orchestra in a series of public benefit concerts for war relief. He returned as Stokowski's co-conductor for the and seasons, resuming full control thereafter. Upon Toscanini's retirement in the spring ofNBC officially disbanded the orchestra, much to Toscanini's distress, though it continued for several years independent of NBC, as the Symphony of the Air.
Toscanini's final broadcast concert with the orchestra took place at Carnegie Hall on April 4, It Dies Today - Adamantium - Traditions, and he conducted the orchestra for the last time during RCA Victor recording sessions held June 3 and 5, In the early s, for example, only about 55 of these musicians were salaried; the rest were hired under per-service contracts in line with Local American Federation of Musicians wage Sunset - Arturo Toscanini And NBC Symphony Orchestra / Grofe* - Grand Canyon Suite (Vinyl to bring the Orchestra's performing and recording strength up to the seen in period photographs and video footage.
Even for the salaried members, NBC Symphony duties constituted barely half of their work obligations for NBC; these musicians played in orchestras for other NBC radio and television programs, with many of the wind players also serving with the Cities Service "Band of America" conducted by Paul Lavalle. In the first several seasons the NBC Symphony broadcasts were "sustaining" programs, meaning that they were paid for and presented by NBC itself.
In later years the broadcasts were commercially sponsored, primarily by General Motors. However, many live broadcast performances originating in Studio 8H were also released on records, and subsequently on CD.
The infamous dry acoustics of Studio 8-H, designed for broadcasting, were found to be less than ideal for recording. Acoustical modifications in were thought to have greatly improved the sound of Studio 8H; although most NBC Symphony recording sessions were shifted to Carnegie Hall insome sessions were held there as late as Junewhen 8-H was converted into a television studio.
RCA Victor released the orchestra's recordings on its flagship Red Seal label on the then-standard rpm records. In the s, RCA began digitally remastering recordings of the orchestra for release on Compact Disc. Later advances in digital technology has led RCA now owned by Sony Music to claim further enhancement of the sound of the magnetic tapes for later reissues, changing original equalization balances and adding acoustical enhancement, but critics are divided in their judgment.
RCA has only reissued recordings that were personally approved by Toscanini, including some broadcast performances such as the seven complete operas he conducted at NBC between and ; however, several other labels have released discs taken from off-the-air recordings of NBC broadcast concerts. Toscanini's final two broadcast programs, in the spring ofwere experimentally recorded in stereo, but he did not approve their release; many years passed before they were finally issued by labels other than RCA Victor.
Recorded in rather primitive and "minimalist" two-channel sound, the stereo antiphonal effect is striking if crude ; but unfortunately the complete performance from March 21, of the Tchaikovsky Symphony No. While the videos are taken from primitive kinescope films, the sound tracks were carefully synchronized from the highest fidelity transcriptions and tapes that exist.
Robert Russell Bennett conducted the orchestra in his arrangements of Richard Rodgers ' musical themes for the 26 documentary programs recorded in Rockefeller Center's Center Theatre.
The series is Sunset - Arturo Toscanini And NBC Symphony Orchestra / Grofe* - Grand Canyon Suite (Vinyl available on DVD. Bennett would later lead stereo recordings of "Volume 2" ina re-make of "Volume 1" inand a concluding "Volume 3" inconducting the "RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra" members I Remember Bill Evans - David Benoit - Waiting For Spring the Symphony of the Air.
RCA has reissued all of these recordings on CD. The recordings were originally issued monophonically as "Leopold Stokowski and his orchestra," but Album) as "members of the NBC Symphony Orchestra. Though the performance was recorded in stereo, RCA Victor initially issued the recording in mono. The label finally issued the stereo version in However, many former NBC Symphony members, in an attempt to stay together and preserve the orchestra, regrouped as a new ensemble called the "Symphony of the Air".
They made their first recording on September 21,and gave their first public concert at the United Nations 9th Anniversary Celebration on October With an Asian tour under the auspices of the State Department and an attendance of 60, at concerts in the Catskills that summer, the first season was a huge success. In collaboration with the concert pianist John Browningproducer Robert Herridge and director Roger Englander, the orchestra presented a virtuoso live presentation of Sergei Rachmaninoff 's Second Piano Concerto.
For nearly a decade, the Symphony of the Air performed many concerts led by Stokowskithe orchestra's music director from From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Radio orchestra. This article needs Sunset - Arturo Toscanini And NBC Symphony Orchestra / Grofe* - Grand Canyon Suite (Vinyl citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
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