Born in SalzburgMozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood. Already competent on keyboard and violinhe composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty. At 17, Mozart was engaged as a musician at the Salzburg court but grew restless and travelled in search of a better position. While visiting Vienna inhe was dismissed from his Salzburg position. He chose to stay in the capital, where he achieved fame but little financial security.
During his final years in Vienna, he composed many of his best-known symphoniesconcertosand operasand portions of the Requiemwhich was largely unfinished at the time of his early death at the age of The circumstances of his death have been much mythologized.
He composed more than works, many of which are acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonicconcertantechamberoperaticand choral music. He is among the greatest and most enduringly popular of classical composers, and his influence is profound on subsequent Western art music.
Ludwig van Beethoven composed his early works in the shadow of Mozart, and Joseph Haydn wrote: "posterity will not see such a talent again in years". His elder sister was Maria Anna Mozart —nicknamed "Nannerl". Mozart was baptised the day after his birth, at St. Rupert's Cathedral in Salzburg. Leopold Mozart, a native of Augsburg Germany, was a minor composer and an experienced teacher. Inhe was appointed as fourth violinist in the musical establishment of Count Leopold Anton von Firmianthe ruling Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg.
Leopold became the orchestra's deputy Kapellmeister in When Nannerl was 7, she began keyboard lessons with her father, while her three-year-old brother looked on. Years later, after her brother's death, she reminisced:. He often spent much time at the clavierpicking out thirds, which he was ever striking, and his pleasure showed that it sounded good In the fourth year of his age his father, for a game as it were, began to teach him a few minuets and pieces at the clavier He could play it faultlessly and with the greatest delicacy, and keeping exactly in time At the age of five, he was already composing little pieces, which he played to his father who wrote them down.
These Mozart (Original) - Anonymous - Mozart pieces, K. There is some scholarly debate about whether Mozart was four or five years old when he created his first musical compositions, though there is little doubt that Mozart composed his first three pieces of music within a few weeks of each other: K. In his early years, Wolfgang's father was his only teacher.
Along with music, he taught his children languages and academic subjects. While Wolfgang was young, his family made several European journeys in which he and Nannerl performed as child prodigies. A long concert tour followed, spanning three and a half years, taking the family to the courts of Munich, MannheimParis, London,  Dover, The Hague, Amsterdam, Utrecht, Mechelen and again to Paris, and back home via ZurichDonaueschingenand Munich.
A particularly significant influence was Johann Christian Bachwhom he visited in London in and When he was eight years old, Mozart wrote his first symphony, most of which was probably transcribed by his father. The family trips were often challenging, and travel conditions were primitive. This tour lasted from December to March As with earlier journeys, Leopold wanted to display his son's abilities as a performer and a rapidly maturing composer.
In Rome, he heard Gregorio Allegri 's Miserere twice in performance, in the Sistine Chapeland wrote it out from memory, thus producing the first unauthorized copy of this closely guarded property of the Vatican. In Milan, Mozart wrote the opera Mitridate, re di Pontowhich was performed with success. This led to further opera commissions.
Leopold hoped that these visits would result in a professional appointment for his son, and indeed ruling Archduke Ferdinand contemplated hiring Mozart but owing to his mother Empress Maria Theresa Mozart (Original) - Anonymous - Mozart reluctance to employ "useless people", the matter was Kreuzweise - Jürgen Von Der Lippe - König Der City, [d] and Leopold's hopes were never realized.
After finally returning with his father from Italy on 13 MarchMozart was employed as a court musician by the ruler of Salzburg, Prince-Archbishop Hieronymus Colloredo. The composer had many friends and admirers in Salzburg  and had the opportunity to work in many genres, including symphonies, sonatas, string quartets, massesserenades, and a few minor operas.
Between April and DecemberMozart developed an enthusiasm for violin Mozart (Original) - Anonymous - Mozartproducing a series of five the only ones he ever wrotewhich steadily increased in their musical sophistication.
The last three— K. Despite these artistic successes, Mozart grew increasingly discontented with Salzburg and redoubled his efforts to find a position elsewhere. One reason was his low salary, florins a year;  Mozart longed to compose operas, and Salzburg provided only rare occasions for these.
The situation worsened in when the court theatre was closed, especially since the other theatre in Salzburg Mozart (Original) - Anonymous - Mozart primarily reserved for visiting troupes. Two long expeditions in search of work interrupted Mozart (Original) - Anonymous - Mozart long Salzburg stay.
Mozart and his father visited Vienna from 14 July to 26 Septemberand Munich from 6 December to March Neither visit was successful, though the Munich journey resulted in a popular success with the premiere of Mozart's opera La finta giardiniera. In AugustMozart resigned his position at Salzburg  [e] and on 23 September ventured out once more in search of employment, with visits to AugsburgMannheim, Paris, and Munich.
Mozart became acquainted with members of the famous orchestra in Mannheim, the best in Europe at the time.
He also fell in love with Aloysia Weberone of four daughters of a musical family. There were prospects of employment in Mannheim, but they came to nothing,  and Mozart left for Paris on 14 March  to continue his search. One of his letters from Paris hints at a possible post as an organist at Versaillesbut Mozart was not interested in such an Clockwork Universe - Oxcyde - The Second Coming. While Mozart was in Paris, his father was pursuing opportunities of employment for him in Salzburg.
The annual salary was florins,  but he was reluctant to accept. After leaving Paris in September for Strasbourg, he lingered in Mannheim and Munich, still hoping to obtain an appointment outside Salzburg. In Munich, he again encountered Aloysia, now a very successful singer, but she was no longer interested in him.
Among the On Wheels - The Adverts - Crossing The Red Sea With The Adverts works which Mozart wrote on the Paris journey are the A minor piano sonataK.
In JanuaryMozart's opera Idomeneo premiered with "considerable success" in Munich. For Colloredo, this was simply a matter of wanting his musical servant to be at hand Mozart indeed was required to dine in Colloredo's establishment with the valets and cooks. My main Various - Country Roads right now is to meet the emperor in some agreeable fashion, I am absolutely determined Nazmie (Nazmiye) - Various - Holiday In Istanbul (Turkish Songs And Dances) should get to know me.
I would be so happy if I could whip through my opera for him and then play a fugue or two, for that's what he likes. Mozart did indeed soon meet the Emperor, who eventually was to support his career substantially with commissions and a part-time position.
Colloredo's wish to prevent Mozart from Mozart (Original) - Anonymous - Mozart outside his establishment was in other cases, however, carried through, raising the composer's anger; one example was a chance to perform before the Emperor at Countess Thun 's for a fee equal to half of his yearly Salzburg salary. The quarrel with the archbishop came to a head in May: Mozart attempted to resign and was refused. The following month, permission was granted, but in a grossly insulting way: the composer was dismissed literally "with a kick in the arse", administered by the archbishop's steward, Count Arco.
Mozart decided Mozart (Original) - Anonymous - Mozart settle in Vienna as a freelance performer and composer. The quarrel with the archbishop went harder for Mozart because his father sided against him. Hoping fervently that he would obediently follow Colloredo back to Salzburg, Mozart's father exchanged intense letters with his son, urging him to be reconciled with their employer. Mozart passionately defended his intention to pursue an independent career in Vienna. The debate ended when Mozart was dismissed by the archbishop, freeing himself both of his employer and his father's demands to return.
Solomon characterizes Mozart's resignation as a "revolutionary step", and it significantly altered the course of his life. Mozart's new career in Vienna began well. He often performed as a pianist, notably in a competition before the Emperor with Muzio Clementi on 24 December and he soon "had established himself as the finest keyboard player in Vienna". The work was soon being performed "throughout German-speaking Europe",  and thoroughly established Mozart's reputation as a composer.
Near the height of his quarrels with Colloredo, Mozart Mozart (Original) - Anonymous - Mozart in with Seba Nejmat (Sept Etoiles) (Seven Stars) - Moneim Adwan* - Once Upon A Time In Palestine Weber family, who had moved to Vienna from Mannheim.
The father, Fridolin, had died, and the Webers were now taking in lodgers to make ends meet. Aloysia, who had earlier rejected Mozart's suit, was now married to the actor and artist Joseph Lange. Mozart's interest shifted to the third Weber daughter, Constanze. The courtship did not go entirely Mozart (Original) - Anonymous - Mozart surviving correspondence indicates that Mozart and Constanze briefly separated in April Stephen's Cathedralthe day before his father's consent arrived in the mail.
In andMozart became intimately acquainted with the work of Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel as a result of the influence of Gottfried van Swietenwho owned many manuscripts of the Baroque masters.
InMozart and his wife visited his family in Salzburg. His father and sister were cordially polite to Constanze, but the visit prompted the composition of one of Mozart's great liturgical pieces, the Mass in C minor. Though not completed, it was premiered in Salzburg, with Constanze singing a solo part. Mozart met Joseph Haydn in Vienna aroundand the two composers became friends.
When Haydn visited Vienna, they sometimes played together in an impromptu string quartet. Mozart's six quartets dedicated to Haydn K. From to Mozart mounted concerts with himself as a soloist, presenting three or four new piano concertos in each season. Since space in the theatres was scarce, he booked unconventional venues: a large room in the Trattnerhof an apartment buildingand the ballroom of the Mehlgrube a restaurant.
Solomon writes that during this period, Mozart created "a harmonious connection between an eager composer-performer and a delighted audience, General Sound Master (Techno Sampler Mix) - Various - Sigma Gold Volume 8 was given the opportunity of witnessing the transformation and perfection of a major musical genre".
With substantial returns from his concerts and elsewhere, Mozart and his wife adopted a rather luxurious lifestyle. They moved to an expensive apartment, with a yearly rent of florins.
Saving was therefore impossible, and the short period of financial success did nothing to soften the hardship the Mozarts were later to experience. He focused instead on his career as a piano soloist and writer of concertos. Its reception in Prague later in the year was even warmer, and this led to a second collaboration with Da Ponte: the opera Don Giovanniwhich premiered in October to acclaim in Prague, but less success in Vienna in These developments were not witnessed by Mozart's father, who had died on 28 May In DecemberMozart finally obtained a steady post under aristocratic patronage.
Emperor Joseph II appointed him as his "chamber composer", a post that had fallen vacant the previous month on the death of Gluck. It was a part-time appointment, paying just florins per year, and required Mozart only to compose dances for the annual balls in the Redoutensaal see Mozart and dance.
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