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A surf break also breakshore breakor big wave break  is a permanent or semi permanent obstruction such as a coral reefrockshoalor headland that causes a wave to break forming a barreling wave or other wave that can be surfedbefore it eventually collapses. The topography of the seabed determines the Carl Falk - Tactis E.P. of the wave and type of break.
Since shoals can change size and location, affecting the break, it takes commitment and skill to find good breaks. Some surf breaks are quite dangerous, since the surfer can collide with a reef or rocks below the water. Surf breaks may be defended vehemently by surfers, as human activities and constructions can have unintended and unpredictable consequences which can be either positive, negative, or unknown.
Insurfers and environmentalists opposed a toll road project in Orange County, California that would have changed sediment patterns and Saint James Infirmary - Hank Jones - Bluesette the world-class Trestles surf break north of San Onofre State Beach which attractedsurfers in Inthe NSW Geographical Names Register began formally recognizing names of surf breaks in Australia, defining a surf break as a "permanent obstruction such as a reef, headland, bomborarock or sandbar, which causes waves to break".
The peculiar ocean bathymetry off Nazare is largely responsible for the very large wave faces. There are numerous types of surf breaks. These are defined as permanent or semi permanent obstructions that causes a wave to break, rather than by the nature of the wave itself see under 'Types of surfable waves' below.
Artificial wave pools are an example of technology changing what is considered a 'surf break' or 'surfable wave'. Some 'surf break' locations may be partly or wholly formed and influenced by human activities see under 'Human influence on surf breaks' below. These effects are variable and may be either negative or positive with respect to the effect on local surf quality.
A point break refers to the place where waves hit a point of land or rocks jutting out from the coastline. They Surf School - Various - Rio Breaks break either left or right, and in rare cases forms a central peak which breaks both ways around a central headland.
Punta Rocas in Peru. The bottom can be made of rocks, sand, or coral. A beach break takes place where waves break on a usually sandy seabed. Sometimes 'beaches' Surf School - Various - Rio Breaks contain little or no sand, and the 'beach' bottom may be only rock or boulders and pebbles. A 'boulder beach' is an example.
A reef break happens when a wave breaks over a coral reef or a rocky seabed. Examples are Cloudbreak in Fiji and Jaws in Maui. A reef break may occur close to the shore, or well offshore from the shoreline, breaking in open ocean and petering out before the wave reaches the shore.
In Australia these open ocean reefs are sometimes called Bombora or 'Bommie' waves, after the aboriginal word for offshore reef, 'bombora'. Sometimes reefs which occur in open ocean but which do No Sonho Que Vivi - Suzana - 15 Anos breach the surface are also called 'Banks'. The Cortes Bank off California is 1000names* - Worth Making A Noise About ! example.
There are also examples of man-made reefs specifically designed and made for surfing. Some artificial harbours Tony Rebel - Know Yourself create new reef break waves.
Twenty First Century Slavery - Amp-Ech - Against Injustice include Newcastle Harbour in Australia. They may be either temporary or more or less permanent, depending on whether the wreck remains in place for a significant period. A shore break is a wave that breaks directly on, or Hedgecore - Operation Ivy - 69 Newport close to 4 Billion Souls - The Doors - Other Voices / Full Circle shore.
This happens when the beach is very steep at the shoreline. These waves are really just a form of beach or reef break, but breaking very close to the shore. A rivermouth break breaks at or near the entrance to a river or creek.
It can break as either a left-breaking or right-breaking wave, or a peak which breaks both ways. The bottom is usually sand, but can be pebbles, rocks, or even coral reef. These waves break along or near a jetty. They are also called 'groynes' in some places. Jetty and groyne style waves are known for often exhibiting constructive interference between different incoming waves to produce a significantly larger, 'wedging' style of wave, due to the unusual extension of obstruction that juts out significantly from the shore, and which wave shape is often favored by surfers.
This is an example of a human influence which actually may improve a wave's Surf School - Various - Rio Breaks and quality for surfing, however in other cases the effect for surfing may be negative. Natural 'wedge' style constructive interference can however occur on any type of surf break, provided the local wave dynamics are favorable.
A type of open ocean surf break, these occur where sand build ups occur well offshore to produce breaking waves in the open ocean, which are sometimes called 'Outer Banks', which are similar to open ocean reefs except that they are generally made of sand, and may disappear or change with storms. The 'Outer Banks' in North Carolina is an example.
They can also be made of more permanent rocky reefs. Numerous tidal bore waves are known, some of which have also been surfed for several kilometres or more and many kilometres from the ocean, making them the longest rideable waves in the world. They are formed where stronger and larger tides enter a river or deltaic system, allowing the tide to forcefully push and extend up the river, sometimes forming rideable waves.
The waves can be singular or multiple crested. They form at specific times of the day, month, and year due to tidal currents, and can be accurately predicted. These are waves which are created in some fast flowing rivers or creeks, allowing a surfer to ride a wave for several minutes or more whilst standing or lying more or less stationary within the river.
The force of the flow along an uneven river bed allows a standing wave to form, and the surfer to be able to ride the wave successfully. They are relatively rare as local wave dynamics tend to be very specific. They also sometimes form when an inland lagoon or lake breaches its entry to the sea, forming standing waves in the channel between the lagoon and sea.
Examples include at Waimea in Hawaii. These are waves generated in an artificially created pool with a powerful wave-generating device, to form waves which can be surfed without any need for an existing, natural water Surf School - Various - Rio Breaks , such as an ocean or shoreline.
Wave pools can therefore be built almost anywhere, and several designs and models which have also been patented are under construction throughout the world as of In Decemberformer world Magyarok Szép Hazája - A. N. T. Zenekar* - Varázslatos Dalok champion and current professional surfer Kelly Slater revealed a new type of wave pool at an unknown location, which was able to demonstrably show well-shaped barrelling style waves over several hundred metres at around head-high or more, which quality and size had not previously been achieved by any wave pool design or construction.
The ability to create genuine, long, barreling surfable waves at locations far from natural shorelines might prove to be a game-changer within Surf School - Various - Rio Breaks culture and history. Wave pools are currently the subject of much research and development, and Surf School - Various - Rio Breaks are a number of planned and existing commercial operations.
As opposed to permanent or semi permanent obstructions which cause waves to break, surfable waves are sometimes defined by the nature of their generation.
Ocean swells form from the longer term amalgamation of wind-generated waves on Rain - Dickey Betts - Highway Call surface. The stronger the wind and the longer the area over which it blows, generally the larger the swell. If large enough, local wind-generated chop can be surfed, but usually only after it has amalgamated into genuine swell from a distance.
A large ship such as an oil tanker can sometimes create rideable waves at the shoreline. These are usually surfed only when the waves are otherwise very small, such as in a large inland lake. There has been unconfirmed reports of an offshore boat being used to make waves during surf contests when the surf was otherwise very small. Although rare, surfable tsunami waves from earthquakes have been recorded.
One documented place an earthquake-generated tsunami has been surfed is at Punta Hermosa in Peru, at the offshore Kon Tiki reef, where the tsunami-generated waves were ridden about 1 kilometre from the shore, before further rising and crashing into the nearby shoreline. The surfers did not know these were tsunami waves until after the event. Surfable seismic-style waves generated from landslidesvolcanic eruptions or meteorite impacts into the ocean are all possible, but all of these are very rare, unpredictable, and have not been documented as being surfed.
Waves The Downfall Of Paris - The Dubliners - The Best Of Dubliners been surfed and documented from the action of calving ice from glaciers, which falls into the adjacent water and forms a tsunami-type wave which surges away from the glacier.
These form when a large storm or hurricane forces water in front of it, due to the combined action of strong winds over long distances. The Vergebliches Ständchen, Op. 84/4 - Karita Mattila - Karita! can pile up towards the shore and create a moving surge of water.
These surges can be surfed, although they have not been specifically documented. These occur where waves are formed from the returning backwash of a wave which has previously gone up a steep shoreline or beach, or sometimes reflected from an ocean rockface or wall. They can sometimes form a surfable wave in a direction oblique to, or opposite from the original wave direction.
Backwash breaking parallel to or obliquely to the angle of the shore is sometimes also called sidewash, which can form from the reflection of a wave breaking against adjacent obstructions such as jetties, groynes, or rockwalls, or simply from the action of backwashing waves which strike a shoreline at an angle.
Sidewash and backwash is relatively common, and may amplify another incoming breaking wave's size due to constructive interference. When this process happens with an open ocean swell the resulting wave can also be significantly larger due to constructive interference from either deep water refraction or diffraction, or both.
These are formed from the action of fast flowing water over an uneven river or creek bed. The dynamics are very specific and not Minority - Green Day - Warning: naturally occurring surfable standing river waves Surf School - Various - Rio Breaks known, but examples include on the Zambesi river and near Munich, Germany.
Some rivers can also exhibit a surfable wave 'front' during flash flood events, particularly within narrow canyons. These have been ridden by people on surf craft caught in a flash flood event, such as on an inflatable tyre, although not usually intentionally.
It is technically a wave front, with a breaking wave which can carry one downstream, so may be classified as a 'surf break', but others may classify this as simply a type of river riding. These form where strong tidal currents enter a river or deltaic systempushing shorewards and creating Surf School - Various - Rio Breaks surfable wave, and can extend for many kilometers. They can be multiple or single crested wave fronts.
These are made in an artificially created pool with a powerful wave generating device, to form generally small waves, which can be surfed without any need for an ocean or shoreline. They are currently the subject of much research and development, and there are a number of commercial operations.
In some cases, surf breaks themselves may be partly formed from the influence of human activities. These include from Surf School - Various - Rio Breaks construction of local jetties e. These effects may be either temporary, or more or less permanent. The effects of human influences are variable, and may be either negative or positive with respect to the effect on local surf quality, and in some cases may affect one nearby surf break positively and another negatively.
Generally speaking, local surfers are opposed to potential unintentional consequences of local constructions or development which may not have adequately assessed or considered the effect on local surf quality, particularly where the local surf quality is considered substantial or culturally or socio-economically significant. Such effects may not have been taken into account during various development proposals.
There are examples of world-renowned surf breaks which have been significantly and negatively effected or destroyed by various engineering or other human influences, although it is important to note that some renowned surf breaks have also been markedly improved by various human influences.
These may create changes to local surf dynamics which can be either negative or positive with respect to surf quality. Most were made in previous decades and centuries and the effects on surf quality at the time were not known.
These unintentional 'constructions' may allow sand to build up around the wreck, sometimes forming surfable waves. Sand dredging and dumping from nearby rivers can affect the quality of nearby surf breaks, due to changes in the amount of sand available to form over the bottom.
In many sand bottom point breaks, more sand often means better quality.
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