Label: Ariadna Records - ACD-045 • Format: CD Album • Country: Spain • Genre: Rock, Pop • Style: Pop Rock, Indie Pop
Guinea-Bissau is a small country in West Africa, which rarely catches the eye of the global media. It is a coup-prone country. Despite its small size, and apparent insignificance, the troubles in Guinea-Bissau do not end at its borders.
As with most fragile states, neighbours and the rest of world pay a price. It is estimated that at least 50 tons of cocaine are shipped through Guinea-Bissau each year from Latin America to Europe, and that the military-led All The World - Praga - Fragile is the main beneficiary. In contrast to countries such as Guinea-Bissau — including Syria, Zimbabwe, North Korea and other poor countries where conflict and under-development impact the international community — there are different but very real state fragilities in the more developed West.
Why is the West so out of touch? While wrong economic models, wishful thinking, greed and vested interests have played roles, an important reason is that the reality and dynamics of state fragility in a divided world — a world where the West is increasingly losing economic dominance — remain poorly understood. This may be due to the fact that over the past three decades we have seen the rise not merely of state fragility, but perhaps more importantly of inequalities.
The effect of this is either legislative paralysis or suboptimal, Rube Goldberg-esque, patched-together-compromises, often made in response to crises with no due diligence. That is our vetocracy. The vetocracy has made the US fragile and less in touch. In recent years it has struggled and failed to prevent hazards from turning into disasters.
Hurricane Katrina easily overcame its defences. It thought it had the most robust and best All The World - Praga - Fragile system in the world before the collapse of Lehman Brothers in September Societies which are elite-driven and socio-economically divided are out of touch because they lack legitimacy to act on behalf of the broader population.
Not surprisingly, if one analyses the traditional responses of Western countries towards fragile states, through aid for instance, the issue of legitimacy is never dealt with satisfactorily. Rich country aid to developing countries often — although not always — reflects much of the characteristics attributed to fragile states: lack of long-term vision, fragmented approaches, ineffective spending of funds.
Hence just as the UN fails to deal with extreme state failure and conflict, as in Syria, foreign aid has, to date, a very poor record to end state fragility. To deal with state fragility more attention should be placed on the fostering of shared societies i. Fostering social cohesion and shared societies as an antidote to state fragility, especially in poor countries, is a significant challenge.
Unfortunately little guidance is provided by the existing body of scholarly literature and policy manuals. A graduate in development economics from the University of Warwick UK and North-West University Potchefstroom, South Africa his recent All The World - Praga - Fragile focuses on spatial economic inequalities, entrepreneurship and African economic development. He has also been lecturer and research officer at the Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford, has taught economics at Addis Ababa University, and has worked as a policy researcher in a number of Seven More Days - Terence Trent DArby - Introducing The Hardline According To Terence Trent DArby countries.
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