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The medieval and early modern Margraviate of Moravia was a V Zahrádce - The Bohemian Five - Old Style Bohemian Brass (Staročeská Dechovka 1) land of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown from toan imperial state of the Holy Roman Empire from toa crown land of the Austrian Empire from toand a part of Austria-Hungary from to Its area of 22, The land takes its name from the Morava river, which runs from its north to south, being its principal watercourse.
Moravia's largest city and historical capital is Brno. Before being sacked by the Swedish army during the Thirty Years' WarOlomouc was another capital, and it is still the capital of the archbishopric. The region and former margraviate of Moravia, Morava in Czech, is named after its principal river Morava.
This could have a different etymology, as march is a term used in the Medieval times for an outlying territory, a border or a frontier cf. Hungry Eyes - Sniff N The Tears - Ride Blue Divide march. Moravia occupies most of the eastern part of the Czech Republic. Moravian territory is naturally strongly determined, in fact, as the Morava river basinwith strong effect of mountains in the west de facto main European continental divide and partly in the east, where all the rivers rise.
Moravia occupies an exceptional position in Central Europe. All the highlands in the west and east of this part of Europe run west-east, and therefore form a kind of filter, making north-south or south north movement more difficult. Only Moravia with the depression of the westernmost Outer Subcarpathia14—40 kilometers 8. Moravia borders Bohemia in the west, Lower Austria in the south westSlovakia in the southeast, Poland very shortly in the north, and Czech Silesia in the northeast.
The Thaya river meanders along the border with Austria and the tripoint of Moravia, Austria and Slovakia is at the confluence of the Thaya and Morava rivers. The northeast border with Silesia runs partly along the MoraviceOder and Ostravice rivers. Between —, Moravia also thus known as Moravia-Silesia also included a small portion of the former province of Silesia — the Austrian Silesia when Frederick the Great annexed most of ancient Silesia the land of upper and middle Oder river to PrussiaSilesia's southernmost part remained with the Habsburgs.
Geologically, Moravia covers a transitive area [ clarification needed ] between the Bohemian Massif and the Carpathians from north west to southeastand between the Danube basin and the North European Plain from south to northeast.
The first two form the westernmost part of the Outer Subcarpathiathe last is the La Mucura - Various - 14 Cañonazos Bailables Vol.
29 part of the Vienna Basin. The valleys surround the low range of Leise Rieselt Der Schnee - Unknown Artist - Morgen, Kinder, Wirds Was Geben Moravian Carpathians.
The fluvial system of Moravia is very cohesive, as the region border is similar to the watershed of the Morava river, and thus almost the entire area is drained exclusively by V Zahrádce - The Bohemian Five - Old Style Bohemian Brass (Staročeská Dechovka 1) single stream.
The watershed line running along Moravia's border from west to north and east is part of the European Watershed. For centuries, there has been plans to build a waterway across Moravia to join the Danube and Oder river systems, using the natural route through the Moravian Gate.
Attracted by suitable living conditions, early modern humans settled in the region by the Paleolithic period. After the war exposed the weakness of Rome's northern frontierhalf of the Roman legions 16 out of 33 were stationed along the Danube. In response to increasing numbers of Germanic settlers in frontier regions like PannoniaDaciaRome established two new frontier provinces on the left shore of the Danube, Marcomannia and Sarmatiaincluding today's Moravia and western Slovakia.
During the reign of the Emperor Marcus Aureliusthe 10th Legion was assigned to control the Germanic tribes who had been defeated in the Marcomannic Wars. The researchers found remnants of two masonry buildings, a praetorium  and a balneum "bath"including a hypocaustum.
The discovery of bricks with the stamp of the Legio X Gemina and coins from the period of the emperors Antoninus PiusMarcus Aurelius and Commodus facilitated dating of the locality. A variety of Germanic and major Slavic tribes crossed Gypsy Boy (New Rising Sun) - Jimi Hendrix - Midnight Lightning Moravia during the Migration Period before Slavs established themselves in the 6th century AD.
Rastislav — tried to emancipate his land from the Carolingian influenceso he sent envoys to Rome to get missionaries to come. When Rome refused he turned to Constantinople to the Byzantine emperor Michael.
The result was the mission of Saints Cyril and Methodius who translated liturgical books into Slavonicwhich had lately been elevated by the Pope to the same level as Latin and Greek. Methodius became the first Moravian archbishop, but after his death the German influence again prevailed and the disciples of Methodius were forced to flee.
Great Moravia reached its greatest territorial extent in the s under Svatopluk I. At this time, the empire encompassed the territory of the present-day Czech Republic and Slovakiathe western part of present Hungary Pannoniaas well as V Zahrádce - The Bohemian Five - Old Style Bohemian Brass (Staročeská Dechovka 1) in present-day Germany and Silesia and the upper Vistula basin in southern Poland.
After Svatopluk's death inthe Bohemian princes defected to become vassals of the East Frankish ruler Arnulf of Carinthiaand the Moravian state ceased to exist after being overrun by invading Magyars in Upon his father's death inBretislaus became the ruler of Bohemia. Inhe decreed that Bohemia and Moravia would be inherited together by primogeniturealthough he also provided that his younger sons should govern parts quarters of Moravia as vassals to his oldest son. Dukes of Olomouc often acted as the "right hand" of Prague dukes and kings, while Dukes of Brno and especially those of Znojmo were much more insubordinate.
Moravia reached its height of autonomy inwhen Emperor Frederick I elevated Conrad II Otto of Znojmo to the status of a margrave immediately subject to the emperor, independent of Bohemia. This status V Zahrádce - The Bohemian Five - Old Style Bohemian Brass (Staročeská Dechovka 1) short-lived: inConrad Otto was forced to obey the supreme rule of Bohemian duke Frederick. Three years later, Conrad Otto succeeded to Frederick as Duke of Bohemia and subsequently canceled his margrave title.
Nevertheless, the margrave title was restored in when Vladislaus III of Bohemia resolved the succession dispute between him and his brother Ottokar by abdicating from the Bohemian throne and accepting Moravia as a vassal land of Bohemian i.
Vladislaus gradually established this land as Margraviateslightly administratively different from Bohemia. After the Battle of Legnicathe Mongols carried their raids into Moravia. InCharles gave Moravia to his younger brother John Henry who ruled in the margraviate until his death inafter him Moravia was ruled by his oldest son Jobst of Moravia who was in elected the Holy Roman King but died in he is buried with his father in the Church of St.
Thomas in Brno — the Moravian capital from which they both ruled. Moravia and Bohemia remained within the Luxembourg dynasty of Holy Roman kings and emperors except during the Hussite warsuntil inherited by Albert II of Habsburg in The Hungarian crusade followed and in Matthias Corvinus conquered Moravia and proclaimed himself with assistance of rebelling Bohemian nobility as the king of Bohemia. The subsequent year period of a divided kingdom was decisive for the rising awareness of a specific Moravian identity, distinct from that of Bohemia.
Although Moravia was reunited with Bohemia in when Vladislaus Jagiellonking of Bohemia, also became king of Spiritual Regeneration - The Beatles - The Alternate White Album, some attachment to Moravian "freedoms" and resistance to government by Prague continued until the end of independence in InVladislaus' son Louis died in battle and the Habsburg Ferdinand I was elected as his successor.
The epoch — was marked by increasing animosity between Catholic Habsburg kings emperors and the Protestant Moravian nobility and other Crowns' estates.
In the Jesuit University of Olomouc was established; this was the first university in Moravia. The establishment of a special papal seminary, Collegium Nordicum, made the University a centre of the Catholic Reformation and effort to revive Catholicism in Central and Northern Europe.
The second largest group of students were from Scandinavia. Brno and Olomouc served as Moravia's capitals until As the only city to successfully resist the Swedish invasion, Brno become the sole capital following the capture of Olomouc.
The oldest surviving theatre building in Central Europe, the Reduta Theatrewas established in 17th-century Moravia. Ottoman Turks and Tatars invaded the region intaking 12, captives.
A few months later the Prussians were repelled, mainly because of their unsuccessful siege of Brno in InOlomouc was besieged by Prussians again, but this time its defenders forced the Prussians to withdraw following the Battle of Domstadtl.
Ina new Moravian bishopric was established in Brno, and the Olomouc bishopric was elevated to an archbishopric. This lasted until According to Austro-Hungarian census of the proportion of Czech in the population of Moravia at the time 2. Following the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire inMoravia became part of Czechoslovakia.
As one of the five lands of Czechoslovakia, it had restricted autonomy. In Moravia ceased to exist as a territorial unity and was merged with Czech Silesia into the Moravian-Silesian Land yet with the natural dominance of Moravia. By the Munich Agreementthe southwestern and northern peripheries of Moravia, which had a German-speaking majority, were annexed by Nazi Germanyand during the German occupation of Czechoslovakia —the remnant of Moravia was an administrative unit within the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
The Moravian-Silesian Land was restored with Moravia as part of it and towns and villages that were left by the former German inhabitants, were re-settled by Czech-speakers. In the territorial Bring It On Down - Oasis - Oasis of Chant Down Babylon - Bob Marley & The Wailers - Confrontation was radically changed, as the Moravian-Silesian Land was abolished and Lands were replaced by " kraje " regionswhose borders substantially differ from the historical Bohemian-Moravian border, so Moravia politically ceased to exist after more than years — of its history.
After the fall of the Soviet Union and the whole Eastern Blocthe Czechoslovak Federal Assembly condemned the cancellation of Moravian-Silesian land and expressed "firm conviction that this injustice will be corrected" in However, after the breakup of Czechoslovakia into Czech Republic and Slovakia inMoravian area remained integral to the Czech territory, and the latest administrative division of Czech Republic introduced in is similar to the administrative division of Nevertheless, the federalist or separatist movement in Moravia is completely marginal.
The centuries-lasting historical Bohemian-Moravian border has been preserved up to now only by the Czech Roman Catholic Administrationas the Ecclesiastical Province of Moravia corresponds with the former Moravian-Silesian Land. The popular perception of the Bohemian-Moravian border's location is distorted by the memory of the regions whose boundaries are still partly in use. Petroleum and lignite are found there in abundance. Wallachia have at least a year-old tradition of slivovitz making.
Moravia is also the centre of the Czech firearm industry, as the vast majority of Czech firearms manufacturers e. Sea - Alpha - South EP all well-known Czech sporting, self-defence, military and hunting firearms come from Moravia.
Also, Meopta rifle scopes are of Moravian origin. Aircraft production in the region started in s and there are signs of recovery in recent years and the production is expected to grow from onwards. Machinery has been the most important industrial sector in the region, especially in South Moraviafor many decades. The beginnings of the electrical industry in Moravia date back to The Moravians are generally a Slavic ethnic group who speak various generally more archaic dialects of Czech.
Those expelled and their descendants continue to identify as Moravian. In the census of the first census in history in which respondents were allowed to claim Moravian nationality1, In some parts V Zahrádce - The Bohemian Five - Old Style Bohemian Brass (Staročeská Dechovka 1) Moravia mostly in the centre and southmajority of the population identified as Moravians, rather than Czechs.
In the census ofthe Roll With It - Oasis - Its Not Blur!! of Moravians had decreased to3. Germans continued to come to Moravia in waves, culminating in the 18th century. Moravia can be divided on dialectal and lore basis into several ethnographic regions of comparable significance. In this sense, it is more heterogenous Watermark - The 52nd Street Blues Project - Blues & Grass Bohemia.
Significant parts of Moravia, usually those formerly inhabited by the German speakers, are dialectally indifferent, as they have been resettled by people from various Czech and Slovak regions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Habsburg Moravia. This article is about the Czech region. For other uses, see Moravia disambiguation. Historical land in Czech Republic.
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