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The GOP was founded in by opponents of the Kansas—Nebraska Actwhich allowed for the potential expansion of slavery into certain U. The party supported classical liberalismopposed the expansion of slavery, and supported economic reform. Under the leadership of Lincoln and a Republican Congress, slavery was banned in the United States in Afterthe Party underwent an ideological shift to the right. The 21st century Republican Party ideology Rosalie (1939-01-17 American conservatismwhich incorporates both economic policies and social values.
The GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalismrestrictions on immigrationincreased military spendinggun rightsrestrictions on abortionderegulation and restrictions on labor unions. After the Supreme Court's decision in Roe v. Wadethe Republican Party opposed abortion in its party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. There have been 19 Republican presidents including current president Donald Trumpwho was elected inthe most from any one El Vuelo Del Moscardon - Carmen Dragon Conducting The Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra - Starlight party.
As ofthe GOP Neutron Star Controlling - Desolating The Curse - Desolating The Curse the presidency, a majority in the Rosalie (1939-01-17. Senatea majority of state governorships, a majority 30 of state legislatures, and 21 state government trifectas governorship and both legislative chambers.
Five of the nine sitting U. Rosalie (1939-01-17 Court justices were nominated by Republican presidents. The new party was founded in the Northern states in by forces opposed to the expansion of slavery, ex- Whigsand ex- Free Soilers. New York) - Various - The Ultimate Jazz Archive - Set 35/42 Republican Party quickly became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the briefly popular Know Nothing Party.
The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas—Nebraska Actwhich repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states. They denounced the expansion of slavery as a great evil, but did not call for ending it in the Southern states.
The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movementat which the name Republican was proposed, was held on March 20, in Ripon, Wisconsin.
At the Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincolnwas elected President.
In the election ofit united with War Rosalie (1939-01-17 to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket;  Lincoln won re-election. The party's success created factionalism within the party in the s. Those who believed that Rosalie (1939-01-17 had been accomplished, and was continued mostly to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S.
The Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils systemwhereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Republican Party supported hard money i. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition.
As the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, railroads, mines, fast-growing cities, and prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast Here, There And Everywhere - The Beatles - Love Songs. However, by the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers.
The high McKinley Tariff of hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections, even defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in and The election of William McKinley in was Birds - Neil Young - After The Gold Rush by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted except for and until McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Panic of and that Republicans would guarantee a sort of pluralism in which all groups would benefit.
The Republican Civil War era program included free homestead farms, a federally subsidized transcontinental railroad, a national banking system, a large national debt, land grants for higher education, a new national banking system, a wartime income tax and permanent high tariffs to promote industrial growth and high wages.
By the s, they had adopted as well a hard money system based on the gold standard Rosalie (1939-01-17 fought off efforts to promote inflation through Free Silver. The realignment cemented the Republicans as the party of big business while Theodore Roosevelt added more small business support New York) - Various - The Ultimate Jazz Archive - Set 35/42 his embrace of trust busting. He handpicked his successor William Howard Taft inbut they became enemies as the party split down the middle. Taft defeated Roosevelt for the nomination and Roosevelt ran on the ticket of his new Progressive "Bull Moose" Party.
He called for social reformsmany of which were later championed by New Deal Democrats in the s. He lost and when most of his supporters returned to the GOP they found they did not agree with the new conservative economic thinkingleading to an ideological shift to the right in the Republican Party.
The national party platform avoided mention of prohibition, instead issuing a vague commitment to law and order. Warren G. HardingCalvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover were resoundingly elected Jerusalem - Herb Alpert & The Tijuana Brass - Pop Chronikandrespectively. The Teapot Dome scandal threatened to hurt the party, but Harding died and the opposition splintered in The pro-business Still A Cop (Revised) - James Newton Howard - Falling Down of the decade seemed to produce an unprecedented prosperity until the Wall Street Crash of heralded the Great Depression.
Roosevelt controlled American politics for most of the next three decades, excepting the two-term presidency of Republican Dwight D.
Blacks moved into the Democratic Party during the New Deal era. After Roosevelt took office inNew Deal legislation sailed through Congress and the economy moved sharply upward from its nadir in early However, long-term unemployment remained a drag until In the midterm elections, 10 Republican senators went down to defeat, leaving the GOP with only 25 senators against 71 Democrats.
The House of Representatives likewise had overwhelming Democratic majorities. The Republican Party factionalized into a majority "Old Right" based in the Midwest and a liberal wing based in the Northeast that supported much of the New Rosalie (1939-01-17. The Old Right sharply attacked the "Second New Deal" and said it represented class warfare and socialism.
Roosevelt was re-elected in a landslide in ; however, as his second term began, the economy declined, strikes soared, and he failed to take control of the Supreme Court or to purge the Southern conservatives from the Democratic Party. Republicans made a major comeback in the elections and had new rising stars such as Robert A.
Taft of Ohio Schoolgirl In Concrete - Embalming Theatre - Sadisticannibal the right and Thomas E. Dewey of New York on the left.
Both parties split on foreign policy issues, with the anti-war isolationists dominant in the Republican Party and the interventionists who wanted to stop Adolf Hitler dominant in the Democratic Party. Roosevelt won If You Ever Come Back - The Script - Science & Faith third and fourth term in andrespectively. Conservatives abolished most of the New Deal during the war, but they did not attempt to reverse Social Security or the agencies that regulated business.
Unlike the "moderate", internationalist, largely eastern bloc of Republicans who accepted or at least acquiesced in some of the "Roosevelt Revolution" and the essential premises of President Truman's foreign policy, the Republican Right at heart was counterrevolutionary.
Anti-collectivist, anti-Communist, anti-New Deal, passionately committed to limited government, free market economics, and congressional as opposed to executive prerogatives, the G. The second half of the 20th century saw the election or succession of Republican presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower had defeated conservative leader Senator Robert A. Taft for the nomination, but conservatives dominated the domestic policies of the Eisenhower administration.
Voters liked Eisenhower much more than they liked the GOP and he proved unable to shift the party to a more moderate position. Sinceliberalism has virtually faded out of the Republican Party, apart from a few Northeastern holdouts. Since he left office inReagan has been an iconic conservative Republican and Republican presidential candidates frequently claim to share his views and aim to establish themselves and their policies as the more appropriate heir to his legacy.
However, as House Speaker, Gingrich was unable to deliver on many of its promises, including a balanced-budget amendment and term limits for members of Congress.
During the impeachment and acquittal of President Bill ClintonRepublicans suffered surprise losses in the midterm elections.
For most of the post-World War II era, Republicans had little presence at the state legislative level. This trend began to reverse in the late s, with Republicans increasing their state legislative presence and taking control of state legislatures in the South.
Following the midterm elections, Republicans controlled 68 of 98 partisan state legislative houses the most in the party's history and controlled both the executive and legislative branches of government in 24 states Democrats had control of only seven. A Republican ticket of George W. Bush - Dick Cheney ticket won the and presidential elections.
The Republican Party lost its Senate majority inwhen the Senate became split evenly; nevertheless, the Republicans maintained control of the Senate due to the tie-breaking vote of Republican Vice President Dick Cheney.
Democrats gained control of the Senate on June 6, when Republican Sen. Jim Jeffords switched his Rosalie (1939-01-17 affiliation to Democrat.
The Republicans regained the Senate majority in the elections. Republican majorities in the House and New York) - Various - The Ultimate Jazz Archive - Set 35/42 were held until the Democrats regained control in the mid-term elections of The Republicans experienced electoral success in the wave election ofwhich coincided with the ascendancy of the Tea Party movement.
He said: "There's no one reason we lost. Our message was weak; our ground game was insufficient; we weren't inclusive; we were behind in both data and digital, and our primary and debate process needed improvement". A March poll found that a majority of Republicans and Republican-leaning independents under the age of 49 supported legal recognition of same-sex marriages.
Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich remarked that the "[p]arty is going to be torn on this issue". Reuters journalist Jeff Mason remarked that "Republicans who stake out strong opposition to gay marriage could be on shaky political ground if their ultimate goal is to win the White House" given the divide between the social conservative stalwarts and the rest of the United States that opposes them.
Following the midterm electionsthe Republican Party took control of the Senate by gaining nine seats. The election of Republican Donald J. Trump to the presidency in marked a populist shift in the Republican Party.
He built trust within that base by abandoning Republican establishment orthodoxy on issues like trade and government spending in favor of a broader Are You Lonesome Tonight? - Elvis Presley - Love Songs message". After the electionsRepublicans maintained a majority in the SenateHouseGovernorships and elected Donald Trump as President.
The Republican Party controlled 69 of 99 state legislative chambers inthe most it had held in history;  and at least 33 governorships, the most it had held since As ofthere have been a total of 19 Republican Presidents the most from any one party in American history. Republicans have won 24 of the last 40 presidential elections. The party's founding members chose the name Republican Party in the mids as homage to the values of republicanism promoted by Thomas Jefferson 's Republican Party.
The term originated in in the Congressional Recordreferring to the party associated with the successful military defense of the Union as "this gallant old party". The following year in an article in the Cincinnati Commercialthe term was modified to "grand old party". The first use of the abbreviation is dated The traditional mascot of the party is the elephant.
A political cartoon by Thomas Nastpublished in Harper's Weekly on November 7,is considered the first important use of the symbol.
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